Before 2017, Nevada was a member of a minority of states that lacked an anti-bestiality law. Generally, the rationale behind anti-bestiality laws is two-pronged: (1) protect animals and (2) prevent future violence to humans. In order to achieve both these ends, Nevada Assembly Member Richard Carrillo (D-Las Vegas) introduced AB 391, which creates the crime of bestiality. Today on the podcast, Emily Malhiot joins Tyler to discuss AB 391.
If you’ve applied for a job, you’ve likely seen the box: Have you ever been convicted of a felony? For many people, this box is no big deal, you check no and you move on with the rest of the application. For those with a conviction, however, this box is a massive barrier to employment. Indeed, studies show that employers would hire any other stigmatized group of people before formerly convicted people. In addition, AB 1008 supporters contend the felony conviction box on job applications allows employers to summarily deny jobs to a whole class of people without meeting them, without interviews, and without giving them a chance. AB 1008 hopes to give convicts a chance at obtaining employment by prohibiting employers with five or more employees from asking about prior felony convictions on job applications and delaying the background check until the employer has made a conditional offer to the applicant. Today on the podcast, Michael Hopkins joins Tyler to talk about AB 1008.
On average, bail is set at $50,000 in California. Generally, defendants must post 10% to “make bail” and stay out of jail until trial. Studies show that 46% of people do not have even $400 in their emergency fund. Thus, even for those defendants for whom bail is set at $1000, much less than the average, it can be very difficult to make bail. This dynamic has resulted in jail populations made up of predominately those defendants who are awaiting trial, not those who have been convicted. Indeed, roughly 66% of California’s jail population is merely awaiting trial.
In addition to the loss of freedom, such pretrial detention can cause defendants to lose property, jobs, and even their children. Moreover, lengthy pretrial detention has been shown to increase the chances of recidivism once defendants are released. Although many of these defendants pose no public safety threat or flight risk, because they simply cannot afford bail, they remain in custody. To lower jail populations and detain before trial only those defendants who pose a public safety threat or flight risk, SB 10 creates agencies in each county that would individually assess each defendant’s public safety and flight risk and then make a bail recommendation to the judge based on that assessment. Today on the podcast, Kyle Harrison joins Tyler to talk about SB 10.
The amount of energy, land, water, and money spent on wasted food in the United States is staggering. Specifically, Americans waste “four percent of the [national] energy budget, about 12 percent of the land . . . 23 percent of all freshwater,” and $162 billion each year on uneaten food. Confusing food date labeling is partly to blame for some of this food waste. AB 954 aims to reduce consumer confusion around food date labels and cut down on food waste by creating a uniform food date labeling system in California. Today on the podcast, Nolan Kessler joins Tyler to talk about AB 954.
Under existing law at both the federal and state levels, cleaning product manufacturers are not required to disclose the ingredients included in their cleaning products. Responding to evidence that the chemicals used in many cleaning products are potentially harmful to humans Senator Ricardo Lara introduced the SB 258, the Cleaning Product Right to Know Act of 2017, which aims to place more stringent disclosure requirements on manufacturers of cleaning products. Today on the podcast, Libby Grotewohl joins Tyler to talk about SB 258.